JLPT N5 Grammar Lesson9

Today grammar point -

-N + があります
-N + がいます
-てください

How to use - N + があります (existence of non living things)

Nouns + があります
  • To indicate the point of the existing location, use “【place】に“. (To indicate the place to take action, “【place】で“)
  • N+があります” indicates that inanimate(non living) things exist.

Example – 

   へやにベッドやテーブルがあります

      There are a bed and a table in the room.

How to use - N + がいます(existence of living things)

Nouns + があります
  • To indicate the point of the existing location, use “【place】に“. (To indicate the place to take action, “【place】で“)
  • N+ がいます” indicates that animate (living things) such as people and animals exist.

Example – 

        1 –こうえんにいぬがいます

        There is a dog in the park.

        2- 教室(きょうしつ)学生(がくせい)がいます.

        Do you have students in the classroom?

How to use - てください(please do)

V  (て form) +ください
  • It is very simple to use, all you need to do is add ください at the end of a verb in てform.

Example- 

  ゆっくり()てください

 Please speak slowly.