JLPT N5 Grammar Lesson4

Japanese Particles - や (ya), の (no), ね (ne)

1-Japanese Particle: や (ya)

Rule – 


  • や (ya) is used in the same way as the first sense of と
  • but the list is not exhaustive. It means “such things as A, B, and C”.

赤や 黄色の花が咲いていた。
(Aka ya kīro no hana ga saiteita.) 
There were red and yellow  flowers blooming.

Japanese Particle: の (no)

Rule – 

Object1 + の + Object2

  • の (no) indicates possession (functioning like the English “apostrophe-S”).
  • It directly follows nouns and noun phrases.

あなた の 名前はなんですか。
Anata no namae wa nan desuka? 
What’s your name?

Japanese Particle: ね (ne) - Right

Rule – 

End of the sentence + ne (ね)

  • ね (ne) is used at the end of sentences, basically in the same way as an English tag question.
  • it indicates a request for confirmation from the listener


Sono shigoto wa taihendesu ne.

That work is hard, right? (isn’t it?)