JLPT N5 Grammar Lesson4

Japanese Particles - や (ya), の (no), ね (ne)

1-Japanese Particle: や (ya)

Rule – 

AやB
AやBや

  • や (ya) is used in the same way as the first sense of と
  • but the list is not exhaustive. It means “such things as A, B, and C”.
Example-

赤や 黄色の花が咲いていた。
(Aka ya kīro no hana ga saiteita.) 
There were red and yellow  flowers blooming.

Japanese Particle: の (no)

Rule – 

Object1 + の + Object2

  • の (no) indicates possession (functioning like the English “apostrophe-S”).
  • It directly follows nouns and noun phrases.
Example-

あなた の 名前はなんですか。
Anata no namae wa nan desuka? 
What’s your name?

Japanese Particle: ね (ne) - Right

Rule – 

End of the sentence + ne (ね)

  • ね (ne) is used at the end of sentences, basically in the same way as an English tag question.
  • it indicates a request for confirmation from the listener
Example-

その仕事は大変ですね。

Sono shigoto wa taihendesu ne.

That work is hard, right? (isn’t it?)