JLPT N5 Grammar Lesson-17

Today grammar point -

なに/なん

だれ/どなた

どれ/どの

どこ

How to use -
なに/なん- What

Structure-

  • 何 – なに/なん is translated as “What” in English and replaces nouns.
  • The grammatical rule is that it is always pronounced as なん if the letter after 何 is part of the Ta line , Da line  or Na line Otherwise, you always pronounce 何 as なに.

Example- 1

      これは (なん)ですか?

      What is this?

Example- 2

それは(なん)() ですか?

What picture is that?

Example- 3

(なに) (あじ)()きですか?

What taste do you like?

How to use -
だれ/どなた- Who

Structure-

  •  誰- だれ is a general word but どなた is a polite word, Both of them haveing the same meaning as “Who” in English.
  • They are used in place of words that indicate people.

Example- 1

      あの(ひと) (だれ)ですか?

      Who is that person?

Example- 2

 (だれ)がごはんを(つく)りますか?

 Who makes the rice?

Example- 3

 どなたがごはんを(つくりますか?

 Who makes the rice?

How to use -
どれ/どのー which

Structure-

  •  どの works as an adjective and qualifies a noun.
  • どれ is used as a noun.
  • In other hand どの must be followed by a noun but どれ can stand by itself
  • In example 1 The question asks “which person is Sujata?” as opposed to just “which is Sujata?” Notice the 人 is placed after どの. This is important; you cannot remove the noun after どの:
  • So, どの means “which object?” and never just “which?”  While どれ, is used to ask just “which?”, not “which object?” 
  • It also stands for the type of noun you’re referring to. Looking at 3rd example:

This Sentance translates to “which is Sujata’s umbrella?” Notice there is no noun after どれ.

どれ can’t be used in combination with another noun to mean “which object?” 

Example- 1

      スジャータはどの(ひと)ですか?

      which person is Sujata?

Example- 2

どのほん一番好いちばんすきですか?

     Which book do you like best? 

Example- 3

    スジャータのかさどれですか。

 Which is Sujata’s umbrella?

Example- 4

 どれ()いたいですか?

    Which one do you want to buy?

How to use -
どこ- where

Structure-

  •  どこ is the question word related to pronouns for locations, and meaning is “Where” in English.
  • However, while “Where” can only be used for actual places, どこ can be used for “Point” and “part”, too.

Example- 1

 (えき)どこですか?

 Where is the train station?

Example- 2

どこ安全(あんぜん)ですか?

Where is safe?