JLPT N5 Grammar Lesson-16

Today grammar point -

いくつ

いくら

いつ

How to use -
いくつ-
how many

Structure-

  • The いくつ comes from the way of counting.
  • By using this, you can ask how many generic objects there are.
  • When you ask a number of things which require specific counters, you need to use the sentence pattern:
    “何 + counter.”何 is a really versatile.
  • You can even ask age and prices.
    * 何 + counter is always pronounced as なん.

Example- 1

      あなたのお(とう)さんはいくつですか。

      How old is your father?

Example- 2

アイスクリームをいくつ ()べますか?

How many ice creams do you eat?

How to use -
いくら - how much

Example- 1

      それはいくらかかりましたか?

      How much did it cost?

Example- 2

あなたはお(かね)いくら()っていますか?

How much money do you have?

How to use -
いつ - when

Structure-

Subject/Topic + Complement + Question Marker

  • いつ is the question word for time and a counter part to “when” in English.
  • This is categorized into adverbial nouns in terms of grammar.
  • いつ can work as a subject, a complement and an adverb.
  •  If you’d like to ask approximate time, you need to attach ごろ to いつ.

Example- 1

      いつ日本(にほん)()るのですか?

      When do you come to Japan?

Example- 2

とうきょうタワーはいつでも見学(けんがく)できます.

You can visit tokyo tower anytime.

Example- 3

いつごろ日本に来ますか?。

About when will come to Japan?