JLPT N5 Grammar Lesson1

Japanese Particles - Wa(は​), ga(が), Mo(も)

1-Japanese Particle: Wa は

Rule-

subject particle – は

It indicates the subject particle before it – 

Example-

1-私マイクです。

Watashi wa Maiku desu.

I am Mike.

2-あの建物に入っていけません。

Ano tatemono ni haitte wa ikemasen.

You must not enter that room.

2-Japanese Particle: Ga が

1. To indicate subject -

が ga has an additional, somewhat unrelated use. It’s placed between phrases or at the end of phrases or sentences to mean “but/and.” 

Example-

だれ が 来ますか。

dare ga kimasu ka. 

who will come?

2. to indicate but/and -

が ga has an additional, somewhat unrelated use. It’s placed between phrases or at the end of phrases or sentences to mean “but/and.” Whether its meaning is closer to “but” or closer to “and” depends upon the sentence it is being used in, and the circumstances.

Example-

1-先生と話したいんです

sensei to hanashitai n desu ga

I want to talk to the teacher, and/but…

2-今日は試験です、勉強する時間がありません。

kyou wa shiken desu ga, benkyou suru jikan ga arimasen.

Today is a test, and/but I do not have time to study.

3-Japanese Particle: Mo も

1.“Mo” when placed after nouns means “also.”-
Example-

マイク日本語を勉強しています。

Watashi mo Maiku mo nihongo o benkyou shite imasu.

Both Mike and I are studying Japanese.

When translating, especially from audio sources, be careful not to confuse the particle も mo with the adverb もう mou, which means “already“:

行きました

Watashi mo ikimashita

I went, too.

 

私、もう行きました。

Watashi, mou ikimashita.

I went already.

2. To state “even if (verb)”

When placed after Te(て) form of verbs, も mo creates the sentence pattern “even if (verb)…”

食べても

tabetamo

even if i eat